Equating enums in swift for simple cases like this one is pretty straight forward.

enum Vehicle {
    case Car, Bike

let v1 = Vehicle1.Car
let v2 = Vehicle1.Bike

v1 == v2 // False

But things get complicated, when the enum matures to something like this. Here you cannot use == operator directly.

enum Vehicle {
    enum CarType {
        case Sedan, SUV, MUV, HatchBack
    enum BikeType {
        case Sports, Cruiser, Dirt

    case Car(CarType)
    case Bike(BikeType)
    case Other(String)

So to equate enum like this we have two options

  • Use the complicated nested switch casing
  • or Implement the Equatable protocol.

But using the nested switch casing has clear drawbacks. Hence we implement the Equatable protocol as we usually do for Classes.

// Conform to Equatable protocol
extension Vehicle: Equatable {}

func ==(lhs: Vehicle, rhs: Vehicle) -> Bool {
    switch (lhs, rhs) {
    case (.Car(let a), .Car(let b)):
        return a == b
    case (.Bike(let a), .Bike(let b)):
        return a == b
    case let (.Other(a), .Other(b)): // One let can also be used instead of multiple let
        return a == b
    default: return false

After defining the == function we can equate our enums.

Vehicle.Car(.Sedan)      == Vehicle.Car(.Sedan)      // true
Vehicle.Car(.Sedan)      == Vehicle.Car(.MUV)        // false
Vehicle.Bike(.Sports)    == Vehicle.Car(.Sedan)      // false
Vehicle.Bike(.Sports)    == Vehicle.Bike(.Sports)    // true
Vehicle.Other("tractor") == Vehicle.Car(.HatchBack)  // false
Vehicle.Other("Bus")     == Vehicle.Car(.HatchBack)  // false
Vehicle.Other("tractor") == Vehicle.Other("tractor") // true
Vehicle.Other("tractor") == Vehicle.Other("crane")   // false

Our enum comparison has now clarity and brevity. And most important it’s readable

For more information on comparison protocol you refer to this post written by Matt Thompson on NSHipster.